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What is the Fantom Blockchain (FTM) and How Does it Work?

What is the Fantom Blockchain (FTM) and How Does it Work?


  • Fantom is a scalable and secure blockchain platform known for its fast transaction speeds and near-instant finality.
  • Fantom's native cryptocurrency, FTM, serves various functions within the ecosystem. This includes transaction fees, network staking, governance, incentives and rewards, and utility as a medium of exchange and store of value.
  • Fantom's DApp ecosystem comprises over 200 dApps, including blockchain bridges, DEXs, lending and borrowing protocols, NFT platforms, and Web3 games.
  • For developers, Fantom offers high performance and scalability, low transaction fees, compatibility with EVM, and robust developer tools.
  • ChainPort is a bridge that connects Fantom with 13 other blockchain ecosystems, providing seamless cross-chain interoperability.

An Introduction to Fantom

In the ever-evolving landscape of blockchain technology, Fantom has emerged as a powerful blockchain platform for DeFi and dApps. Fantom is an open-source, fast, and highly scalable blockchain network that aims to address the scalability and security challenges faced by existing blockchain platforms.

Built upon a unique consensus mechanism known as the Lachesis protocol, Fantom boasts lightning-fast transaction speeds and near-instant finality, making it one of the industry's fastest and most efficient blockchains. With its high throughput and low transaction fees, Fantom provides a seamless user experience, enabling users to execute transactions and interact with dApps in a cost-effective and efficient manner.

One of the standout features of Fantom is its ability to support a wide range of DeFi applications. Whether it's DEXs, blockchain bridges, lending platforms, or yield farming protocols, Fantom provides a robust infrastructure for developers to build and deploy their innovative financial solutions. The platform's compatibility with the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) allows for easy migration of existing Ethereum-based projects, further expanding the ecosystem and facilitating seamless interoperability.

Fantom Tokenomics, Design, and Architecture

Fantom, a fast and scalable blockchain platform, has gained significant attention in the crypto community for its unique tokenomics, innovative design, and robust architecture. In this analysis, we will delve into the intricacies of Fantom's token economy, the underlying design principles, and the architectural components that contribute to its success.

Fantom Tokenomics

Fantom's native cryptocurrency is called FTM. It serves as the lifeblood of the Fantom ecosystem, fueling transactions, incentivizing network participation, and securing the network. The total supply of FTM is capped at 3.175 billion tokens, with a distribution model that includes various stakeholders, including validators, developers, community members, and token holders.

One of the notable features of Fantom's tokenomics is the staking mechanism. FTM holders can stake their tokens to secure the network and participate in the consensus process. In return, they earn staking rewards, incentivizing token holders to actively engage with the platform and contribute to its security and decentralization.

Fantom Design Principles

Fantom's design is built upon several key principles, including scalability, interoperability, and security. The platform achieves scalability through the innovative Lachesis protocol, which enables parallel processing of transactions and consensus events, resulting in high throughput and fast finality. This design choice ensures that Fantom can handle a large number of transactions per second, making it ideal for decentralized applications with high demand.

Interoperability is another fundamental aspect of Fantom's design. The platform is compatible with the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), allowing developers to easily migrate existing Ethereum-based applications to Fantom. This compatibility promotes blockchain interoperability between Fantom and other blockchain networks, easing cross-chain transactions and data sharing.

Fantom Architecture

Fantom's architecture comprises three main layers: the Opera Core, the Opera Ware Layer, and the Application Layer.

The Opera Core is responsible for consensus, transaction processing, and network validation. It incorporates the Lachesis protocol, which is a directed acyclic graph (DAG) consensus mechanism that achieves fast finality and consensus through a combination of voting and gossip protocols. This unique consensus mechanism sets Fantom apart from other blockchains and contributes to its exceptional speed and scalability.

The Opera Ware Layer provides infrastructure services and tools for developers to build decentralized applications. It includes features such as smart contracts, virtual machines, and developer toolkits, making it easy for developers to create and deploy applications on the Fantom network.

The Application Layer is where decentralized applications and services reside. It is a vibrant ecosystem of dApps that leverage the underlying infrastructure provided by Fantom. This layer encompasses various sectors, including DeFi, gaming, supply chain management, and more, showcasing the versatility and potential of Fantom's architecture.

What Role do FTM Tokens Serve in Fantom?

FTM tokens are crucial in the Fantom ecosystem, serving as the native cryptocurrency that powers the blockchain platform. Here are a few different functionalities that FTM serves in the Fantom ecosystem:

Transaction Fees

FTM tokens are used to pay transaction fees on the Fantom network. Whenever users perform transactions, such as sending tokens, executing smart contracts, or interacting with dApps, FTM tokens are required as a fee. These fees help maintain the security and integrity of the network by discouraging spam and malicious activities.

Network Staking

FTM tokens are utilized for network staking, which is a key component of Fantom's consensus mechanism. Token holders can stake their FTM tokens to become validators or delegators and participate in the consensus process. By staking their tokens, they contribute to the network's security, decentralization, and consensus algorithm. In return, validators and delegators earn staking rewards through additional FTM tokens, incentivizing active participation in the network.


FTM token holders have governance rights and can actively participate in the decision-making process regarding the future development and upgrades of the Fantom protocol. Through on-chain voting, token holders can propose and vote on proposals related to protocol upgrades, parameter changes, and community initiatives. This decentralized governance model empowers the Fantom community to have a voice in shaping the platform's direction.

Incentives and Rewards 

FTM tokens are used to incentivize and reward various participants in the Fantom ecosystem. For example, developers who build and deploy dApps on Fantom can receive grants and funding in FTM tokens as part of developer incentive programs. Users who engage with specific dApps or contribute to the ecosystem's growth may be rewarded with FTM tokens for appreciation and encouragement.

Utility and Asset Value

FTM tokens hold intrinsic utility within the Fantom network, serving as a medium of exchange and store of value. They can be used to access and utilize various services and functionalities provided by Fantom and its ecosystem of decentralized applications. Furthermore, FTM tokens can be traded on cryptocurrency exchanges, allowing users to buy, sell, and trade them, thereby establishing an open market for their value.

Fantom's DApp Ecosystem

Fantom's DApp ecosystem is a thriving and vibrant landscape encompassing a wide range of dApps across various sectors. With over 200 dApps built on the Fantom blockchain, the platform has established itself as a hub for innovation in the blockchain space. Below are a few different types of popular dApps on Fantom:

Blockchain Bridges  

Fantom boasts several bridge dApps that facilitate interoperability and cross-chain transactions. Notable projects include ChainPort, a robust and secure solution for bridging assets between Fantom and other blockchain networks.

Fantom-Based DEXs 

DEXs play a crucial role in enabling the decentralized trading of tokens. Fantom has several popular DEXs, such as SpookySwap and SpiritSwap, which provide users with efficient and low-cost trading experiences. These platforms offer features like automated market making, yield farming, and liquidity provision to enhance the DEX ecosystem on Fantom.

Lending & Borrowing Protocols 

Fantom hosts lending and borrowing protocols that enable users to earn interest on their assets and access loans without intermediaries. Projects like Giest and Alchemix provide users with opportunities for borrowing and lending on the Fantom network.

NFT Platforms 

The rise of non-fungible tokens (NFTs) has led to the emergence of NFT platforms on Fantom. Projects like PaintSwap and NFTKEY are dedicated to showcasing and trading digital artwork and collectibles on the blockchain. NFT platforms allow artists and creators to monetize their creations in a decentralized and secure manner.

Web3 Games 

Fantom's DApp ecosystem also includes Web3 games that leverage the benefits of blockchain technology for enhanced gaming experiences. Examples include games like 8BIT Metaverse, a social metaverse based on retro-inspired graphics, and TankWars Zone, a play-to-earn battle game.

Fantom’s Benefits for Developers

Fantom provides developers with a range of benefits for building dApps and blockchain products. Its high performance and scalability, powered by the Lachesis protocol, allows for thousands of transactions per second and low confirmation times. This ensures that dApps can handle a large volume of transactions efficiently. 

Fantom's low transaction fees make dApps economically viable for users, enabling developers to offer cost-effective solutions. Additionally, Fantom's EVM compatibility allows developers to leverage their existing knowledge of Ethereum's programming languages and tools, simplifying the development process and providing a smooth transition for Ethereum developers.

Developers on Fantom also benefit from robust developer tools. The Fantom Developer Portal, detailed documentation, tutorials, APIs, and SDKs provide comprehensive support, making integrating and developing dApps easier. With smart contract capabilities, developers can build complex and programmable applications using the Solidity programming language and a wide range of libraries and frameworks. 

Fantom & Chainport

Fantom and ChainPort form a powerful combination that offers users seamless cross-chain interoperability within the blockchain space. ChainPort is a secure and efficient bridge connecting Fantom with 13 other popular blockchain ecosystems. With ChainPort, users can easily bridge tokens to and from Fantom, expanding their access to various blockchain networks and enabling the transfer of assets between different ecosystems.

One of the standout features of ChainPort is its unique security architecture. By leveraging industry-leading solutions such as Fireblocks and Gnosis Safe, ChainPort ensures robust fund segregation and preserves an estimated 95% of funds in cold storage wallets. This commitment to security provides users with peace of mind knowing that their assets are protected during the bridging process.

In addition to its strong security measures, ChainPort offers fast and permissionless transactions. Users can bridge their tokens quickly and efficiently, taking advantage of the high throughput and low confirmation times provided by Fantom. 

Furthermore, ChainPort offers low fees, making it cost-effective for users to bridge their tokens. With competitive and transparent fee structures, users can transfer assets between Fantom and other supported blockchain networks without incurring significant costs. This affordability makes ChainPort an attractive solution for optimizing token movements and minimizing transaction expenses.

How to Bridge Tokens to & from Fantom with ChainPort

Bridging tokens to and from Fantom using ChainPort is a breeze and can be done in just a minute or two. To bridge tokens, users must visit ChainPort’s cross-chain bridge, connect their wallets, select the required blockchains, the token, and the number of tokens they wish to bridge. Afterward, review and approve the transaction, and the tokens will reach their destination within a moment. 

Read this guide to learn how to use Chainport’s cross-chain bridge

Final Thoughts

Fantom is an open-source blockchain platform known for its scalability and security features. With lightning-fast transaction speeds and near-instant finality, Fantom provides a seamless user experience for executing transactions and interacting with dApps. It supports a wide range of DeFi applications and is compatible with EVM, allowing for easy migration of existing Ethereum-based projects.

Fantom's native cryptocurrency, FTM, plays a crucial role in the ecosystem. It is used for transaction fees, network staking, governance, incentives, and rewards, and holds utility and asset value. Fantom's DApp ecosystem is thriving, with over 200 dApps built on the platform, including blockchain bridges, DEXs, lending and borrowing protocols, NFT platforms, and Web3 games.

For developers, Fantom offers high performance and scalability, low transaction fees, EVM compatibility, and robust developer tools. The Lachesis protocol powers Fantom's performance, allowing for thousands of transactions per second and low confirmation times. Developers can leverage their existing knowledge of Ethereum to build on Fantom, and the developer tools provided make integration and development easier.


How to Bridge Tokens from ETH to Fantom?

Bridging tokens from ETH to Fantom can be done in minutes via ChainPort.

Use this guide to learn how to bridge ETH to FTM 

How Long Does Bridging Tokens to Fantom Take?

Bridging speeds generally depend on the blockchains selected and their congestion. Typically, bridging tokens to Fantom takes a minute or two, learn more about bridging times. 

Is Bridging Tokens to Fantom Safe? 

Yes. ChainPort places a unique emphasis on security as a blockchain bridge. In addition to a robust security architecture, ChainPort has passed three different independent smart contract audits by well-known auditors.

Read more about the importance of blockchain security and safety.

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